Circle Discography



Generated on Sat, Sep 23, 2006


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Date: May 19-24, 1970
Location: Village Vanguard, New York City
Label: [no known recording]

Circle (ldr), Anthony Braxton (as), Chick Corea (p), Dave Holland (b), Barry Altschul, Jack DeJohnette (d)

a.[unknown titles]  (Composer Unknown)

This was a Chick Corea trio engagement and Jack DeJohnette brought Braxton to sit in with the trio following Braxton's May 19, 1970 performance with Creative Construction Company at the Washington Square Methodist Church (recording issued by Muse). This was the only night Braxton was present.

The group name Circle did not exist at the time of this session.


Date: August 2, 1970
Location: Upsurge Recording Loft, New York City
Label: [no known recording]

Circle (ldr), Anthony Braxton (as), Chick Corea (p), Dave Holland (b), Barry Altschul (d)

a.[unknown titles]  (Composer Unknown)

db 9/17/70 p.39: "Chick Corea gave a preview of his new trio (Dave Holland, bass, cello, guitar; Barry Altschul, percussion) at an informal Aug. 2 gathering at the Upsurge Recording Loft on W. 19th St. Anthony Braxton sat in on alto."

The group name Circle did not exist at the time of this session.


Date: August 13, 1970
Location: A & R Studios, New York City
Label: Blue Note

Circle (ldr), Anthony Braxton (cl, cbc, sss, per), Dave Holland (g, b, per, vc), Chick Corea (p, cel, per)

a.Duet For Bass And Piano #1 - 03:28  (Dave Holland, Chick Corea)
b.Duet For Bass And Piano #2 - 01:40  (Dave Holland, Chick Corea)
c.Danse For Clarinet And Piano #1 - 02:14  (Anthony Braxton, Chick Corea)
d.Danse For Clarinet And Piano #2 - 02:34  (Anthony Braxton, Chick Corea)
e.Chimes I - 10:19  (Chick Corea, Dave Holland, Anthony Braxton)
f.Chimes II - 06:36  (Chick Corea, Dave Holland, Anthony Braxton)
All titles on: -     Blue Note LP 12": BN-LA 472-H2 - Circling In
-     Blue Note CD: CDP 7 84465 2 - Early Circle (1992)

Anthony Braxton (cl) on c, d only. Anthony Braxton (cbc) on e only. Anthony Braxton (sss) on e, f only. Dave Holland (g) on e, f only. Chick Corea (cel) on e, f only. Omit Dave Holland (b) on c, d. Anthony Braxton (per) on e, f only. Chick Corea (per) on e, f only. Dave Holland (per) on e, f only. Dave Holland (vc) on e, f only.

Cuscuna/Ruppli 2 notes: On all issues, date was erroneously shown as October 13.


Date: August 19, 1970
Location: A & R Studios, New York City
Label: Blue Note

Circle (ldr), Anthony Braxton (f, cl, sss, as, chi), Chick Corea (vib, p, cel), Barry Altschul (mar, d, per), Dave Holland (g, b, per, vc)

a.Starp - 05:20  (Dave Holland)
     Blue Note LP 12": BN-LA 472-H2 - Circling In
b.Composition 6F - 09:12  (Anthony Braxton)
     Blue Note LP 12": BN-LA 472-H2 - Circling In
c.Ballad - 06:43  (Chick Corea, Dave Holland, Anthony Braxton, Barry Altschul)
     Blue Note LP 12": BN-LA 472-H2 - Circling In
d.Percussion Piece - 03:25
     Blue Note LP 12": BN-LA 882-J2 - Circulus
All titles on: -     Blue Note CD: CDP 7 84465 2 - Early Circle (1992)

Anthony Braxton (f) on c only. Anthony Braxton (cl) on a only. Anthony Braxton (sss) on a only. Anthony Braxton (as) on b only. Chick Corea (vib) on d only. Omit Barry Altschul (mar) on a, b. Dave Holland (g) on c only. Omit Chick Corea (p) on d. Omit Chick Corea (cel) on b, c. Omit Dave Holland (b) on c, d. Omit Barry Altschul (d) on c, d. Anthony Braxton (chi) on d only. Barry Altschul (per) on a only. Dave Holland (per) on d only. Dave Holland (vc) on a only.

Altschul plays bass marimba on c. d. and woodblocks on a.

Cuscuna/Ruppli 2 notes: On all issues, date was erroneously shown as October 19.


Date: August 21, 1970
Location: A & R Studios, New York City
Label: Blue Note

Circle (ldr), Anthony Braxton (cl, cbc, sss, as), Barry Altschul (vib, mar, d, per), Chick Corea (mar, p, per), Dave Holland (g, b)

a.tk 1Quartet Piece #1 - 16:13  (Chick Corea, Dave Holland, Anthony Braxton, Barry Altschul)
b.tk 2Quartet Piece #2 - 17:33  (Chick Corea, Dave Holland, Anthony Braxton, Barry Altschul)
c.tk 3Quartet Piece #3 - 12:25  (Chick Corea, Dave Holland, Anthony Braxton, Barry Altschul)
All titles on: -     Blue Note LP 12": BN-LA 882-J2 - Circulus

Cuscuna/Ruppli 2 notes: On all issues, date was erroneously shown as October 21.


Date: possibly fall 1970
Location: WKCR-FM Studios, Columbia University, New York City
Label: [radio broadcast]

Circle (ldr), Anthony Braxton (as), Chick Corea (p), Dave Holland (b), Barry Altschul (d)

a.[unknown titles]  (Composer Unknown)

Assumed this took place between the NYC recording sessions in August and the trip to California.

Musicians may play additional instruments - further details needed.

6 unknown selections.


Date: late September 1970
Location: University Of California, Irvine, CA
Label: [no known recording]

Circle (ldr), Anthony Braxton (as), Chick Corea (p), Dave Holland (b), Barry Altschul (d)

a.[unknown titles]  (Composer Unknown)

Prior to start of Lighthouse engagement.


Date: September 29 through October 11, 1970
Location: Lighthouse, Hermosa Beach, CA
Label: [no known recording]

Circle (ldr), Anthony Braxton (as), Chick Corea (ep), Dave Holland (b), Barry Altschul (d)

a.[unknown titles]  (Composer Unknown)

db 11/26/70 p.37: "On the other side of town, the Lighthouse reported a noticeable drop in business as the Chick Corea Quartet, known as Circle, followed Joe Henderson. The diet seemed to be too avant-garde for the Hermosa Beach crowd. Personnel included Anthony Braxton, reeds; Corea, electric piano; Dave Holland, bass; Barry Altschul, drums. The group had just come from a jazz workshop at the University of California at Irvine, California, before opening at the Lighthouse. Jimmy Smith followed Corea."

LA Times 10/2/70 p.F11:

LA Times review




Date: October 17-24, 1970
Location: Both/And, San Francisco, CA
Label: [no known recording]

Circle (ldr), Anthony Braxton (as), Chick Corea (p), Dave Holland (b), Barry Altschul (d)

a.[unknown titles]  (Composer Unknown)

Date: probably between October 17 and 24, 1970
Location: San Francisco, CA
Label: [television broadcast]

Circle (ldr), Anthony Braxton (as), Chick Corea (p), Dave Holland (b), Barry Altschul (d)

a.[unknown titles]  (Composer Unknown)

Television program "San Francisco Mix" probably filmed while band was at Both/And.

Musicians may play additional instruments - further details needed.


Date: November 28, 1970
Location: Parktheater Iserlohn, Iserlohn, Germany
Label: [radio broadcast]

Circle (ldr), Anthony Braxton (as), Chick Corea (p), Dave Holland (b), Barry Altschul (d)

a.01Toy Room  (Dave Holland)
b.01Q & A - 28:13  (Dave Holland)
c.02There Is No Greater Love - 21:32  (Marty Symes, Isham Jones)
All titles on: -     CBS/Sony LP 12": SOPL 19XJ - Live In Germany Concert
-     MCA Victor CD: MVCR 237 - Circle 1 - Live In Germany Concert (1996)

a, b performed as medley.

Musicians may play additional instruments - further details needed.

Confirmation needed that this was a radio broadcast later produced for issue by CBS/Sony.


Date: ca. December 1970
Location: Südwestfunk Studios, Baden-Baden, Germany
Label: [no known recording]

Circle (ldr), Anthony Braxton (as), Chick Corea (p), Dave Holland (b), Barry Altschul (d)

a.[unknown titles]  (Composer Unknown)

Date: December 3, 1970
Location: Amsterdam, Netherlands
Label: [private recording]

Circle (ldr), Anthony Braxton (as), Chick Corea (p), Dave Holland (b), Barry Altschul (d)

a.Rhymes  (Chick Corea)
b.Toy Room  (Dave Holland)
c.There Is No Greater Love  (Marty Symes, Isham Jones)
d.Toy Room  (Dave Holland)
e.Rhymes  (Chick Corea)

c. is incomplete on only known source. The second performance of Toy Room moves into a free improvisation.

Musicians may play additional instruments - further details needed.


Date: probably December 1970
Location: Belgium
Label: [no known recording]

Circle (ldr), Anthony Braxton (as), Chick Corea (p), Dave Holland (b), Barry Altschul (d)

a.[unknown titles]  (Composer Unknown)

db 2/4/71 p.42: "Pianist Chick Corea's group (Anthony Braxton, reeds; Dave Holland, bass; Barry Altschul, drums) settled down in Belgium for club and radio dates."


Date: February 21, 1971
Location: Maison de l'O.R.T.F., Paris, France
Label: [radio broadcast]

Circle (ldr), Anthony Braxton (f, cl, ss, as, mcs, cwb, per), Barry Altschul (bel, d, per), Chick Corea (bel, p), Dave Holland (b, vc)

a.c-01Toy Room  (Dave Holland)
b.c-01Q & A - 24:40  (Dave Holland)
c.a-01Nefertiti - 19:13  (Wayne Shorter)
d.a-02Song For The Newborn - 06:49  (Dave Holland)
e.b-01Duet - 10:31  (Anthony Braxton, Chick Corea)
f.b-02Lookout Farm  (Barry Altschul)
g.b-02Composition 6F - 16:06  (Anthony Braxton)
h.d-01There Is No Greater Love - 17:37  (Marty Symes, Isham Jones)
All titles on: -     ECM LP 12": 1018/19 ST - Paris-Concert (1972)
-     ECM CD: 1018/19 - Paris-Concert

a, b performed as medley.

f, g performed as medley.

Anthony Braxton (f) on a only. Anthony Braxton (cl) on g only. Anthony Braxton (ss) on b, e, g only. Anthony Braxton (as) on b, c, h only. Barry Altschul (bel) on b only. Chick Corea (bel) on g only. Omit Chick Corea (p) on d, f. Omit Dave Holland (b) on e, f. Omit Barry Altschul (d) on d, e. Anthony Braxton (mcs) on a, g only. Anthony Braxton (cwb) on g only. Barry Altschul (per) on b, f, h only. Anthony Braxton (per) on a, g only. Dave Holland (vc) on a, g only.

Braxton plays flexatone on g. Altschul plays samba whistle on b.

LP sides a & b come from the second set (according to Corea's spoken announcement). It is assumed that side c is from the first set and that side d was an encore.

Composition 6F is listed as "73° Kalvin (Variation - 3)"

Private tape of 3 unknown selections, TT: 27:00 also exists. Confirmation needed that this is unissued material.


Date: ca. March 1971
Location: Frankfurt, Germany
Label: [no known recording]

Circle (ldr), Anthony Braxton (as), Chick Corea (p), Dave Holland (b), Barry Altschul (d)

a.[unknown titles]  (Composer Unknown)

Date: March 4, 1971
Location: Jazzhaus, Hamburg, Germany
Label: [radio broadcast]

Circle (ldr), Anthony Braxton (as), Chick Corea (p), Dave Holland (b), Barry Altschul (d)

a.MU14800/1.1Composition 6A - 23:12  (Anthony Braxton)
b.MU14800/1.2Rhymes - 08:14  (Chick Corea)
c.MU14800/2.1Toy Room - 06:07  (Dave Holland)
d.MU14800/2.2Q & A - 12:27  (Dave Holland)
e.MU14800/3.1Composition 6I - 22:58  (Anthony Braxton)
f.MU14800/4.1Composition 6F - 10:25  (Anthony Braxton)
g.MU14800/4.2There Is No Greater Love - 25:02  (Marty Symes, Isham Jones)

Recorded and broadcast by NDR - Norddeutscher Rundfunk.

Confirmation needed on titles. There are interpolations of other compositions during 03 - "Return to Forever" (from 3:07 to 5:03) and "Sometime Ago" (from 5:03 to 5:50).

Musicians may play additional instruments - further details needed.

Sometimes dated March 3 or March 5, 1971.

Two unknown selections, TT: 14:00, dated March 5, 1971. Confirmation needed that these are from March 4, 1971 performance.


Date: March 5, 1971
Location: Lila Eule, Bremen, Germany
Label: [radio broadcast]

Circle (ldr), Anthony Braxton (as), Chick Corea (p), Dave Holland (b), Barry Altschul (d)

a.JZ05134102Composition 6A - 16:25  (Anthony Braxton)
b.JZ05134200Nefertiti - 27:20  (Wayne Shorter)
c.JZ05134301Toy Room  (Dave Holland)
d.JZ05134301Composition 6F - 20:37  (Anthony Braxton)
e.JZ05134302Q & A - 12:40  (Dave Holland)
f.JZ05134401Composition 6I - 04:19  (Anthony Braxton)
g.JZ05134402There Is No Greater Love - 25:05  (Marty Symes, Isham Jones)

c, d performed as medley.

Recorded and broadcast by Radio Bremen.

Additional selection: JZ5134101 listed as "Trio" (perhaps omitting Braxton?).

Confirmation needed on a., listed by Radio Bremen log as "Marsch" and credited to Corea and f. listed as "Dune And Tragedy For The Planet Earth" and credited to Braxton. Above compositions are supposition based on previous day's radio broadcast.

Musicians may play additional instruments - further details needed.


Date: ca. March 6, 1971
Location: Bischofsmuhle, Hildesheim, Germany
Label: [no known recording]

Circle (ldr), Anthony Braxton (as), Chick Corea (p), Dave Holland (b), Barry Altschul (d)

a.[unknown titles]  (Composer Unknown)

Date: March 18-21, 1971
Location: Hotel Valentino, Terni, Italy
Label: [no known recording]

Circle (ldr), Anthony Braxton (as), Chick Corea (p), Dave Holland (b), Barry Altschul (d)

a.[unknown titles]  (Composer Unknown)

Further details needed on this engagement, which conflicts with March 19, 1971 performance in Bergamo, Italy.


Date: March 19, 1971
Location: Third International Jazz Parade At Bergamo, Donizetti Theater, Bergamo, Italy
Label: [radio broadcast]

Circle (ldr), Anthony Braxton (sss, as), Chick Corea (p), Dave Holland (b, vc), Barry Altschul (d)

a.01Nefertiti - 18:26  (Wayne Shorter)
     I Giganti Del Jazz LP 12": GJ-86 - Chick Corea
     Oxford LP 12": OX/3005 - Live In New York 1974
b.02Composition 6F  (Anthony Braxton)
c.03Ballad  (Chick Corea, Dave Holland, Anthony Braxton, Barry Altschul)

Anthony Braxton (sss) on a only. Dave Holland (vc) on a only.

Photos in Jazz Journal 6/71 pp. 8-9: "Circle, Chick Corea's new band, brought the evening to a close with some fiercely original music, featuring contrapuntal interplay between the leader's piano and the angry, excited voice of Anthony Braxton's alto. The quartet was completed by the excellent Dave Holland on bass and drummer Barry Altschul."

Confirmation needed that c. is the same composition that was recorded on August 19, 1970. Instrument details needed.

(TT: 39:00)


Date: March 1971
Location: Bologna, Italy
Label: [private recording]

Circle (ldr), Anthony Braxton (as), Chick Corea (p), Dave Holland (b), Barry Altschul (d)

a.[unknown titles]  (Composer Unknown)

Two sets of material, TT: 97:00.


Date: April 19, 1971
Location: Paris, France
Label: [television broadcast]

Circle (ldr), Anthony Braxton (as), Chick Corea (p), Dave Holland (b), Barry Altschul (d)

a.[unknown titles]  (Composer Unknown)

3 unknown selections, TT: 29:00.


Date: April 26 through May 2, 1971
Location: Jazz Workshop, Boston, MA
Label: [no known recording]

Circle (ldr), Anthony Braxton (as), Chick Corea (p), Dave Holland (b), Barry Altschul (d)

a.[unknown titles]  (Composer Unknown)

Date: May 4-9, 1971
Location: Village Vanguard, New York City
Label: [no known recording]

Circle (ldr), Anthony Braxton (as), Chick Corea (p), Dave Holland (b), Barry Altschul (d)

a.[unknown titles]  (Composer Unknown)

Date: May 17, 1971
Location: Upsurge Recording Loft, New York City
Label: [private recording]

Circle (ldr), Anthony Braxton (as), Chick Corea (p), Dave Holland (b), Barry Altschul (d)

a.Gathering - 41:53  (Chick Corea)
     CBS/Sony LP 12": SOPL 20XJ - Gathering
     MCA Victor CD: MVCR 238 - Circle 2 - Gathering (1996)

Corrected date from Lord CDROM 6.0: Some sources incorrectly list date of this session as March 17, 1971.

Details needed on additional instruments.

a. split between A & B sides on LP issue.


Date: May 18-23, 1971
Location: Slugs', New York City
Label: [no known recording]

Circle (ldr), Anthony Braxton (as), Chick Corea (p), Dave Holland (b), Barry Altschul (d)

a.[unknown titles]  (Composer Unknown)

Date: July or August 1971
Location: Harding Theater, San Francisco, CA
Label: [no known recording]

Circle (ldr), Anthony Braxton (as), Chick Corea (p), Dave Holland (b), Barry Altschul (d)

a.[unknown titles]  (Composer Unknown)

Date: ending July 4, 1971
Location: Both/And, San Francisco, CA
Label: [no known recording]

Circle (ldr), Anthony Braxton (as), Chick Corea (p), Dave Holland (b), Barry Altschul (d)

a.[unknown titles]  (Composer Unknown)

Oakland Tribune 7/4/71 p. 8EN: Also closing tonight, at the Both-And, is pianist Chick Corea's Circle; opening Tuesday will be Yusef Lateef's group.


Date: August 3-8, 1971
Location: Shelly's Manne-Hole, Los Angeles, CA
Label: [no known recording]

Circle (ldr), Anthony Braxton (as), Chick Corea (p), Dave Holland (b), Barry Altschul (d)

a.[unknown titles]  (Composer Unknown)

LA Times, July 30, 1971 p.F14:

LA Times preview



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